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Payandeh F, Borjali M, Kalhornia M. Comparison of Emotional Regulation and Frustration Tolerance in Women with Diabetes Type II and Normal Women. mejds. 2020; 10 :69-69
URL: http://jdisabilstud.org/article-1-1163-en.html
1- Department of psychology, Karaj branch, Islamic Azad University
2- Kharazmi University
Abstract:   (756 Views)
Background & Objective: Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder. The ability to produce insulin hormones and its function has an encounter with a problem. The primary role of insulin is to lower blood sugar by various mechanisms. Diabetes is two main types. In type 1 diabetes, the degeneration of beta cells in the pancreas leads to defective insulin production. In type two, there is a progressive insulin resistance that can ultimately lead to degeneration of the pancreatic beta cells and complete insulin production. In type 2 diabetes, genetic factors, obesity, and dementia are known to play an important role in affliction. In diabetes, the speed and bodychr('39')s ability in the use and metabolism of glucose decreased, thus increasing the amount of glucose that is called hyperglycemia. Long–term sugar increase in the body destroys very tiny veins in the body that can affect various organs of the body, such as kidneys, eyes, and nerves. Also, diabetes is directly associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease; therefore, screening and early detection of this disease in high–risk individuals can be useful in preventing these complications. Diagnosis, as well as diabetes screening, can be done by testing blood sugar. Psychological factors seem to play a role in its onset and course; Low frustration tolerance (LFT), or "short–term hedonism" is a concept utilized to describe the inability to tolerate unpleasant feelings or stressful situations. People with low frustration tolerance experience emotional disturbance when frustrations are not quickly resolved. Behaviors are then directed towards avoiding frustrating events, which paradoxically leads to increased frustration and greater mental stress emotional. Self–regulation or emotion regulation is the ability to respond to the ongoing demands of experience with the range of emotions in a manner that is socially tolerable and sufficiently flexible to permit spontaneous reactions as well as the ability to delay spontaneous reactions as needed. It can also be defined as extrinsic and intrinsic processes responsible for monitoring, evaluating, and modifying emotional reactions. Emotional self–regulation belongs to the broader set of emotion–regulation processes, which includes both the regulation of onechr('39')s feelings and the control of other peoplechr('39')s feelings. The aim of this study is a comparison of emotional regulation and frustration tolerance in women with diabetes type II and normal women.
Methods: The present study was a descriptive and comparative study. The statistical population consisted of all women with diabetes type II who referred to Karaj (Alborz province, North of Iran) in 2012 in the offices and the association of diabetes type II as well as in normal women living in Karaj. Of these, 180 were selected by sampling. The instrument used in this study included the Grass and John emotional stress scale, Harringtonchr('39')s failure tolerance. Data were analyzed using t test. 
Result: The results showed that there was a significant difference between the emotional setting and failure rate and its components in the two groups of people with and without diabetes in Karaj women (p<0.001). Result showed that women with diabetes type II have a lower cognitive–emotional regulation and less tolerance than normal women.
Conclusion: Regarding to result of this study attention to psychological factors including emotional regulation and frustration tolerance offers to all professionals in this field.
Full-Text [PDF 334 kb]   (190 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Research Article | Subject: Psychology
Received: 2018/09/1 | Accepted: 2018/12/8

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