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1- Elmohonar University
2- Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences
Abstract:   (165 Views)
Abstract
Background and objective: Thalassemia is a type of hemoglobinopathy due to defect in the synthesis of globin chains. Thalassemia is a monogennic disorder inherited from parents to children in a recessive ovulation, and, like any chronic disease, will have an adverse effect on the mental health of the patient and his family, and will have problems during the life of the patient, family and system of treatment the country. People with this chronic blood disorder may be prone to anxiety, depression and aggression. Among the programs that can be used to improve the maladaptive status of patients with thalassemia is a change in parenting styles. One of the effective interventions for parenting and parenting communication with children is a positive parenting program that has been planned and developed by Sanders et al. (1999). Since children and adolescents with thalassemia have more anxiety and aggression than their peers, quantitative research on the effect of positive parenting on improving the anxiety and aggression of children with thalassemia is necessary. It is necessary to increase the quality of life of children with thalassemia major, a curriculum will be put on the agenda of these patients' families. With this interpretation, the present study intends to study the effectiveness of positive parenting education on improving the anxiety and aggression of children with thalassemia in terms of drug control in Shiraz.
Methods: The research design was a semi-experimental design with the experimental group and the control group, and the evaluation was pre-test, intervention and post-test. The statistical population of the present study included all children aged 8-15 years old with thalassemia who referred to Dastgheib Hospital in Shiraz in 2016-2017. The statistical sample consisted of 32 children with written consent from parents who were randomly divided into two groups: experimental (n=16) and control group (n=16). To measure the desired variables, anxiety, was used to assess the emotional disturbances associated with childhood anxiety, Scard (1997) and for measure aggression used Nelson questionnaire (2000). In order to conduct a research project, the parents of the experimental group underwent eight sessions of positive parenting program (one session per week). At the end of the sessions, the subjects were tested. To answer the research questions, t-test and covariance analysis were used with SPSS-22 software.
Results: The results showed that 8 sessions of positive parenting program reduced children's anxiety (p≤0.001) and decreased children's aggression (p≤0.001) with thalassemia.
Conclusion: Positive parenting can be used as an effective treatment for the anxiety and aggression in children with thalassemia.
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Type of Study: Original Research Article | Subject: Psychology
Received: 2018/01/2 | Accepted: 2018/04/10

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