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Heidari N, Seyedmoradi K, Cheraghian H, Dostian Y. The Effectiveness of “Group Counseling By Cognitive-Behavioral Approach” On Comparative Strategies and Assertiveness Skills in the Women with Addictive Spouses. MEJDS. 2016; 6 :43-48
URL: http://jdisabilstud.ir/article-1-571-en.html
1- Shahid Beheshti University
2- University of Allame Tabatabaee
3- University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences
Abstract:   (4077 Views)

Background and Objective: Drug addiction is one of the most common social harms throughout the world and the country of Iran, in particular. The worst effect of addiction occurs when the head of family is afflicted. This phenomenon has a negative impact on the family, especially the afflicted person's wife. Many researches about addiction have been carried out in recent years. Their results revealed social, psychological and physical harms. This study aims to analyze the effectiveness of “group counseling by cognitive-behavioral approach” on comparative strategies and assertiveness skills in the women with addicted spouse.

Methods: The research method is semi-experimental with pretest – posttest one as well as control group. The sample composed of 20 women who were 20-35 years old with poor education level and addicted husbands. These individuals were attending the drug addiction clinic in Gharchak Varamin center for the first time. These samples were chosen by simple sampling. Among all addiction centers, Gharchak Varamin center was selected randomly in order to conduct the study. Among the addicted spouses, twenty persons were selected randomly. The attending women were tested in two groups composed of 10 persons. The instruments applied were Lazaros and Folkman comparative strategies questionnaires and GambrilRichi assertiveness inventory. The selected sample completed these questionnaires. Ten cases of the samples were assigned as the examination group (N=10) and the others were kept in the control group (N=10) randomly. The examination group received ten counseling sessions. Two weeks later, the post-test was applied for two groups at the end of sessions.

Finding: covariance analysis results indicated that cognitive - behavioral group counseling has an effect on comparative strategies and assertiveness skills (p<0.001) in women with addictive spouses. The obtained results also showed that group counseling by cognitive-behavioral approach leads to increase self-controlling fields, problem solving, Positive reappraisal, searching social support and responsibility (p<0.001). On the other hand, the approach leads to decrease coping field, selecting separation and getaway-avoidance in women with addicted spouses (p<0.001).

Conclusion: The obtained results revealed that cognitive-behavioral group counseling cause's comparative strategies to change in women with addicted spouse and while increasing their assertiveness skill. Cognitive- behavioral group counseling tries to develop life skills and increase the compatibility of a person with his/ her environment and its challenges. It makes person ready to deal with the others effectively. By conducting this research, it is clear that cognitive-behavioral group counseling approach can have a positive effect on increasing coping skills and assertiveness in women who have addicted spouses.

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Type of Study: Original Research Article | Subject: Counseling
Received: 2015/09/19 | Accepted: 2015/12/24

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