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Afrooz S, Hasanimehraban A, Raji P, Honarkhah S. Efficacy and Goal Setting System (PEGS) among 6-12 Years old Children with Physical Disability. MEJDS. 2017; 7 :68-68
URL: http://jdisabilstud.ir/article-1-482-en.html
1- Master of Occupational Therapy Iran University of Medical Sciences
2- PhD of Occupational Therapy Tehran University of Medical Sciences
3- PhD candidate in Occupational Therapy Iran University of Medical Sciences
Abstract:   (57 Views)
Abstract
Background and Aim: Perceived Efficacy and Goal Setting System (PEGS) enable disabled children to self-report and also adjust and prioritize therapeutic goals for intervention. The aim of this study was to carry a validation study on the construct of cultural adaptation and the Persian version of (PEGS) among 6-12 years old children with physical disability.
Methods: This is a validation study. Convenience sampling was used to recruit 20 participants, namely, children and their caregivers to complete the piloted questionnaire.  After obtaining the consent of the scale developer, two translators were given the task of translating the text. The translations were analyzed and a pilot study was conducted. Through numerous sessions of the expert panels with 10 occupational therapists from Iran University and Tehran University, changes were suggested and made on PEGS cards and caregiver questionnaire. Face and content validity were assessed by participation of 10 children and their caregivers, and 8 therapists respectively. Test-retest reliability with a two week interval was carried out. In addition, agreement between perceived efficacy of 31 children and their caregiver was calculated.
Results: Findings from the pilot study and results of face and content validity indicated ambiguities that needed to be resolved. As a result, changes were made such as: replacing basketball instead of baseball, using cheese and bread instead of cheese sandwich, omitting knife for feeding activities, playing with rope instead of jumping rope and etc. Following the changes, content and face validity increased. Test- retest reliability for children's perceived competence in performing daily task was high (ICC=0.874). The children's goals were relatively stable after 2 weeks.
Conclusion: The Persian version of PEGS has the required validity and reliability in 6-12 years old Persian-speaking children with physical disability in need of rehabilitation services.
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Type of Study: Original Research Article | Subject: Rehabilitation
Received: 2015/01/26 | Accepted: 2015/08/12

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