Volume 5 -                   MEJDS (2015) 5: 298 | Back to browse issues page

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Ostavi E, Hossein Khanzadeh A, Khosrojavid M, Mousavi V A. Effect of Befriending Skills Training on Increasing Social Behaviors in Children with Autism. MEJDS. 2015; 5 :298-306
URL: http://jdisabilstud.ir/article-1-427-en.html
1- Graduate Student of General Psychology University of Guilan
2- Associate Professor University of Guilan
3- Assistant Professor University of Guilan
Abstract:   (7365 Views)
Objective: Children with autism spectrum disorder make up a group of children with special needs, who are confronted with various problems in social skills, especially in making friends. The aim of the present study was to investigate the impact of Befriending Skills Training (BST) on improving social behaviors in children with autism.
Methods: A pretest-posttest control group design was used. The study population consisted of 5 to 7 year old autistic children living in Karaj, Iran, in the 2013-14 school year. A total of 22 children, who met the inclusion criteria, in the study were recruited using random sampling procedures and were randomly assigned to control and experimental groups.  Care was taken to recruit autistic children with minimal social behavior for training.  The data collection instruments used in this study were as follows:  the Autism-Spectrum Quotient (AQ)   designed by Auyeung, Baron-Cohen, Wheelwright and Ellison (2008) and the Social Behavior Questionnaire (Teacher Version) developed by Usher and Cassidy (1992). The experimental group received 10 sessions of Befriending Skills Training over 5 weeks including befriending strategies, maintaining friendship skills. A descriptive analysis of the data, namely, mean and standard deviation was obtained for data analysis.
Results: The results show that Befriending Skills Training reduces shyness and seclusion in shy/withdrawn children with autism (p<0.001), but it has no impact on improving their prosocial behavior (p<0.11), or reducing their aggressive (p<0.07), and disruptive (p<0.12) behaviors.
Conclusion:  It was concluded that Befriending Skills Training reduces shyness and seclusion in shy/withdrawn children with autism. Therefore, this program can be used in designing intervention programs by professionals and educators.
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Type of Study: Original Research Article | Subject: Rehabilitation
Received: 2014/09/28 | Accepted: 2014/11/26

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