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Nemati S, Motamed N, Sharifi A. Reviewing the Sensory Motor Skills Impairment and Its Psychological Consequences in Children With Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, Attention Deficit- Hyper Activity Disorder and Specific Learning Disabilities. MEJDS. 2016; 6 :36-42
URL: http://jdisabilstud.ir/article-1-401-en.html
1- University of Tabriz
2- University of Tehran
3- Allameh Tabataba'i University
Abstract:   (6745 Views)

Background: In human being developmental process, normal development of sensory motor abilities are the main factors to adaptability, physically, social health and cognitive development. This normal skill has been bring the oportunity for human being for the ability to manipulation of environment typically by children. This abilities lead to increasing intellectual and inviromental adaptive capacity and sufficient interaction with peers and environment. The damages of development process, influence many abilities such as cognitive, emotions, physical, perception and interpersonal skills in the children as well, the developmental and intellectual disabilities, specific learning disabilities and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorders are main neurodevelopmental disorders that have been researched by many related  interdisciplinary team to identifying of causes, treatment, management training, parent and teacher education and how prevention and early intervention. The main aim of current research was to study the sensory motor skills impairment and its psychological consequences in children with intellectual and developmental disabilities attention deficit/ hyperactivity disorder and specific learning disability. These three disorders are the high prevalence disorders in development process.

Materials: In this research with using review method and selecting papers and books from 1965-2013 in Medline, Scopus, ProQuest and Elsevier the information about the movement children with intellectual and developmental disabilities, attention deficit/ hyperactivity disorder and specific learning disability  were collected and systematically reviewed .

Results: Birth of the neurodevelopmental disorders children has been major challenges to society, families as well, due to their cognitive, affective and behavioral deficits, in the same vein. Traumatic factors of development process have negative influence on the main psychological skills such as growth of sensory motor skills in children with intellectual and developmental disabilities, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and with specific learning disability and encounter them to social damage such as rejection by peers, poor self- concept, poor self-esteem and quality of life and educational problems.

conclusion: regarding to importance of sensory motor abilities development in human being to reach and achieving of doing  early life skills,  Doing early intervention about sensory motor skills along with other intervention, is necessary for this children. To more effecting of intervention to managing of challenging behaviors and other inappropriate social behavior due to chronic condition cooperative of intradisiplonary research and team work are needed, early intervention such as basic concept training typically for intellectual and developmental disabilities  a long with sensory motor skills (e.g. Fine and Gross motor skills) and interpersonal skills (e.g. conversion skills, find and keep of useful relation with peers) in  children with attention deficit/ hyperactivity disorder  a long with sensory perceptual skills and  sensory motor abilities and  special academic  intervention for achievement of children with specific learning disability along with social supports typically in Iran can be useful to neurodevelopment groups. 

Full-Text [PDF 227 kb]   (1549 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Review Article | Subject: Psychology
Received: 2014/08/17 | Accepted: 2016/01/23

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