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Emamgholizadeh Baboly M, Manavipour D, Pirkhaefi A. The Study of Prevalence Rate of Reading and Writing Compulsion Symptoms among High School Students of Babol City. mejds. 2018; 8 :27-27
URL: http://jdisabilstud.ir/article-1-1121-en.html
1- Garmsar Branch, Islamic Azad University
Abstract:   (2048 Views)
Background & Objective: Reading and writing compulsion disorder is a type of compulsion which its main characteristic is rereading and rewriting. This disorder is experienced with a strong need for reading and rewriting during reading and writing. This type of reading and rewriting is different from frequent repetition which healthy persons do during reading and writing. The study method of students with text and writing compulsion disorder is extreme and exaggerated. Repetitive reading, doubt in learning the read concepts, continuous return and elongation of the time for determining the courses, as well as writing subject matters, again and again, consecutive clearing their writings are some symptoms of reading and writing compulsion disorder among the students. The persons affected by this disorder attempt to resist these exaggerated activities or delay them but they often surrender against the inclination to perform it. The adverse effect of reading and writing compulsion on the academic performance of students is significant. These effects include slowness in reading and writing activity, reduction of concentration, reduction of academic motivation and finally; Academic Procrastination. Besides increasing the academic problems, this disorder causes emotional and social issues in students. Of course, despite such vital effects, considerable activity has not been performed so far in respect of the study of the prevalence rate of reading and writing compulsion among Iranian students. It is evident that the appropriate and comprehensive statistical information about the prevalence of reading and writing compulsion disorder is the first practical step for on-time recognition of such students and the appropriate therapeutic interventions for prevention, treatment, and reduction of its side effects. Accordingly, the present research aimed to study the Prevalence rates of reading and writing compulsion and its relationship with the demographic characteristics of the students.
Methods: This research was a descriptive-analytical study which was performed cross-sectionally. Statistical population of this research included all high school students of Babol city during the academic year 2017- 2018. Out of this number, 398 students (229 boys and 169 girls who were studying in tenth (159 persons), eleventh (154 persons) and twelfth (85 persons) grades) were selected through relative stratified random sampling as the sample. In this study, the measurement tool was the researcher- made questionnaire of demographic characteristics and reading and writing compulsion scale (Emamgholizadeh, 2017). Reading and writing compulsion scale has 18 items with four subscales including rewriting, rereading, Perfectionist Slow reading and Over close reading. The minimum score obtained in this scale is 18, and the maximum score is 126 with the cutting score of 82. This scale enjoys the appropriate construct validity, and its reliability was 0. 84 using the Cronbach alpha coefficient. After extraction, research data was analyzed using the descriptive statistics parameters and chi-square test in SPSS software version 24. Also, the significance level was considered (P<0.05).
Results: Demographic data showed that mean and standard deviation of the age students participated in this research was 16.67 ± 0.89. 398 students answered the reading and writing compulsion scale. Out of them, 86 persons obtained a score higher than the cutting point. Therefore; in this research, 21.60% (%95 CI: 17.48, 25.73) of the students had the reading and writing compulsions. The prevalence rate of reading and writing compulsions in the whole boys was 20.52% (%95 CI: 15.18, 25.86) and in the whole girls, it was 23.08% (%95 CI: 16.59, 29.56). The result of chi-square test showed no significant relationship between the gender, education level of mother, education level of father, the order of birth, residential place (urban/ rural) and reading and writing compulsion disorder, but there was a significant relationship between the educational grade (P= 0.024) and the age (P= 0.024) with reading and writing compulsion disorder of student.
Conclusion: Finding of this research were high in respect of the prevalence rate of reading and writing compulsion symptoms (21.60%) and remind the necessity of paying attention to disorder at the school’s level. It is hoped that screening, on- time diagnosis and timely action for treatment of the students affected by this disorder using the trained counselors and psychologists at the school’s level will be addressed by the authorities.
Full-Text [PDF 794 kb]   (695 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Epidemiological Article | Subject: Psychology
Received: 2018/07/16 | Accepted: 2018/10/3

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